Hydroponic Farming in India. What is Hydroponic? Hydroponics is a simple technique that involves growing plants in water rather than soil. Hydro culture is a subset of it. Water dissolve in mineral nutrient solutions. Only the roots of terrestrial plants expose to the nutritious liquid, or the roots are physically supported by an inert media such as perlite or gravel.
Table of content
- Benefit of water base farming
- History of Hydroponic Agriculture
- Type of Hydroponic Farming
- Hydroponic Farming cost in India
Benefits of Water Base Agriculture in India
- With more control over growing conditions, it’s easier to provide the greatest possible environment for plants, resulting in higher yields and higher quality produce.
- Because the plant does not have to compete for moisture and nutrients. The hydroponic productivity can be enhanced by about two times when compared to soil cultivation in a comparable area with proper care.
- During the changing seasons, a hydroponics garden can feed plants with the best quality nutrients. This will make it possible to achieve maximum growth.
- Because land is not required, a tiny hydroponics garden can be grown up practically anywhere, including upstairs balconies, open areas, and sheltered structures.
- In general, hydroponics food tastes better and has a higher nutritional value than conventionally grown crops.
- Because they have ready access to food and water, plants grow 50 percent quicker than soil under the same conditions.
- Continually cultivates and produces off-season throughout the seasons.
- Because soil-borne disease and nematode damage not feasible, hydroponic production can securely export.
- Planting vegetables can be do in a leisurely manner.
- Reduce water waste to a bare minimum’
Brief History of Water Base Agriculture in Worldwide
Working at the University of California, Berkeley, William Frederick Gericke popularized the idea that plants may be cultivated in a solution of nutrients and water rather than soil. He coined the term “hydroponics” to describe his growth method. In nutrient-rich solutions, W. F. Gericke was able to grow 25-foot tall tomato plants.
In 1937, W.A. Setchell suggested the term “hydroponics” to Gericke. Hydroponics derived from the roots “hydro,” which means “water,” and “ponos,” which means “work.” In this form of gardening, soil not use.
Types of Hydroponic System
The hydroponic system, like the growing procedures for each type of crop, might be varied. When deciding between several hydroponic systems, understanding the fundamentals of each system will aid you in your decision.
Here’s a quick rundown of some of the many Hydroponic Farming system in India :
1.Standing Aerated Nutrient Solution
DWC (deep water culture) is the usual name for this technology. A hydroponic system in which the nutrient solution is static and the plant roots suspend in it is known as a standing aerated nutrient solution. Every 5 to 10 days, the nutrient solution be replace (frequency depends on the number of plants and system volume).
On Styrofoam sheets floating in an aerated nutrient solution, a crop like lettuce can be successfully produce in this technique.
2.Technique of Nutrient Film (NFT)
Gully channels employe in the Nutrient Film Technique to develop plants, and the nutrient solution continuously flowing via these gully channels. The nutrient solution pump to the NFT channels via a pump linked to the reservoir.
One of the benefits of the NFT is how simple it is to install and how inexpensive the supplies are. NFT systems divide into two categories:
- Horizontal System (NFT)
- NFT Vertical System
3.Aeroponics is a type of hydroponics.
The Aeroponic System drastically reduces the amount of water used in crop cultivation. Plant roots in this system receive nutrients and water from an aerosol mist sprayed on them. While suspended, plant roots absorb oxygen from the air.
The aeroponic system is more difficult to manage but much more efficient in terms of nutrient and water use. [ एरोपोनिक प्रणाली को प्रबंधित करना अधिक कठिन है लेकिन पोषक तत्व और पानी के उपयोग के मामले में बहुत अधिक कुशल है। ]
4.Dutch Bucket Gardening System
This system, as the name implies, grows plants in buckets. The size of these buckets can vary depending on the grower’s needs. To support the growing plant, the bucket contains growing media such as vermiculite. The Dutch Bucket system use to grow plants with much larger roots, such as tomato and cucumber.
What is the cost of establishing a hydroponic farm on one acre?
The incorporation of new technologies boosts your self-esteem. People usually take a step back when it comes to implementing those technologies in the farm business. The reason for this is a lack of precise information. Its cost is also the reason for the scarcity of hydroponic farming in India.
Land : The land where the hydroponic farm will built. It is critical to select a location for your hydroponic farm. The property should have easy access to electricity, water, and a nearby market.
Outside Structure : The hydroponic farm’s outer structure protects the crops from the elements. There are primarily two types of outer structures: poly houses and greenhouses. Both structures have distinct benefits.
System of Growth : The type of plant you want to grow in your hydroponic farm determines the growing system. The NFT system is appropriate for growing crops such as lettuce and kale, while the Dutch bucket system is appropriate for growing vegetable crops such as tomato and cucumber.
System for Temperature and Irrigation Control
The temperature control system will keep the temperature at an optimal level for crop growth. The irrigation system will irrigate or pump nutrient solution to the growing system while continuously monitoring moisture levels.
The cost of establishing a hydroponic farm on one acre in India estimate to be between Rs. 1.45 Cr and Rs. 1.80 Cr. It estimate cost that may vary depending on your specific equipment selection.
A one-acre hydroponic farm can produce 90,000 to 95,000 lettuce plants, ensuring high profitability.